1

20 Best Egg Laying Chicken Breeds That Will Lay Lots of Eggs for You (Up To 300 Per Year)

It is a known fact among poultry farmers and others that breed chickens, either in homes for their eggs and meat or as pets, that they are of various breeds with varied characteristics such as their size, color, productivity level and other behavioral patterns.

Ability to lay great quantities of eggs per annum is one of the most outstanding characteristics that influence the choice of breeding the different breeds or a combination of them. This informs the importance of this topic since the chickens are cherished mostly for their egg production capacity.

There are a good number of chicken breeds that are famous for their capacity to lay many eggs per year; some of them are selected for discussions below:

Best Egg Laying Chicken Breeds

1. Golden Laced Wya​ndotte

Golden Laced Wyandotte

This breed of chicken is notable for high productivity and charming appearance; besides, it is well known for its easy going disposition and very common within backyard setting.

The Golden Wyandotte are usually big in size with beautiful colors that make them very attractive; they lay an average of 200 eggs per annum. Its eggs are fairly large and brown in color. The hens start to lay eggs from when they are between 18 to 20 weeks old. Furthermore, it weighs up to 6 pounds and is known to be very good foragers, calm chickens and for their high yield of meat.

This breed is also known to be very good foragers, calm chickens and for its broodiness; hence, they are usually good mothers and are in high demand, both by hatchers and lovers of eggs and meat. Besides, the Golden Wyandotte breed is known to be one of the best species of chicken for breeding in a free-range environment.

Egg production (Annual)

200

Start laying at (Weeks)

18-20

Weight (Female)

6 lbs​​​​

2. Isa Brown

Isa Brown laying eggs

This is yet, another charming breed of chicken regarded as a prolific egg layer and ranked very high as a family friendly chicken. It has the capacity to lay an average of 300 eggs per annum and start to lay eggs mostly from between 20 and 22 weeks of age or a little beyond.

It has a weight of 4.4 to 5.8 lbs and adapts easily to changes in climatic conditions for which it lays eggs without hindrance. For its capacity to lay many eggs in the year and the ability to withstand adverse weather conditions, it is considered an ideal choice for breeders starting newly.

However, their coops require regular attention to rid them of pests and parasites which they detest generally.

Egg production (Annual)

300

Start laying at (Weeks)

16-22

Weight (Female)

4.40 lbs

3. Rhodes Island Red

 Rhodes Island Red laying eggs

This is yet, another excellent layer and is equally known as one of the breeds commonly recognized as the laying hens for their ability to lay many eggs per annum. They lay 150-200 eggs in a year and start laying eggs when they are between 18 and 20 weeks old.

The Rhodes Island Red is red in color and the hens weigh up to 6.5 pounds. They are regarded as one of the best foragers and breed very well in a free-range. This makes this species very easy to rear as they can fend for themselves and depend on less on prepared feeds.

Besides, they are also known to be able to withstand adverse weather conditions and could equally bully the pullets; hence, it is better to keep them separate from others

Egg production (Annual)

150-200

Start laying at (Weeks)

18-20

Weight (Female)

6.5 lbs

4. New Hampshire Red

New Hampshire Red

This is yet, a notable breed among the chickens for both egg-laying and meat. They can lay 200 eggs in a year and usually start to lay eggs from between 18 to 21 weeks of age. The hens weigh up to 6.5 pounds and are well known for being outstandingly caring mothers.

It is one of the breeds sought for both the eggs and their large quantity of meat. Although they are hardly broody, yet the hens and known to be good caring mothers.

However, their roosters are known to be aggressive as they often scramble for the hens where they are in short supply in a coop or a pen

Egg production (Annual)

200

Start laying at (Weeks)

18-20

Weight (Female)

6.5 lbs

5. Red Stars

Red Stars hens laying egg

This is a hybrid sex-link-egg layers known for their high level of egg production. They have the capacity to lay up to 300 or more eggs per annum; the hens start laying eggs from the age of 10-16 weeks and lay an egg daily when they start. Their females are light brown in color while the males are speckled with white.

The Red Stars are easy to breed as they have the ability to withstand adverse weather conditions; they can lay eggs to their full capacity, even in winter period.This is a special attribute that endears the breed to the different types of breeders.

It has different variations within the species. Generally, they are good foragers and lovers of fringe- environment. Besides, Red Star breed could fly high for which they require clipping of wings periodically in order to keep them in check. 

Egg production (Annual)

300

Start laying at (Weeks)

10-16

Weight (Female)

6 lbs​​​​

6. Marans

Marans hens laying eggs

The Marans breed has the capacity to lay between 150 and 200 eggs in a year; while some of its varieties start to lay eggs from 17 to 22 weeks, some others start at later ages.

They have various colors which include dark brown, silver cuckoo, golden cuckoo, and some others mostly with white flutters and wear a close resemblance with the Plymouth Rocks. While the cock weighs up to 5.5 the hens weigh 6.5 lbs; their eggs are mostly deep chocolate in color.

Unlike the Hamberg, they do not require much space to roam about and have a gentle disposition. It is one of the breeds that are cherished both for their egg production capacity as well as for their sizeable meat. Generally, they are quiet and easy to control; hence, chefs and farmers cherish the breed

Egg production (Annual)

150-200

Start laying at (Weeks)

17-22

Weight (Female)

5.5-6.5 lbs

7. Ancona

ancona chickens laying eggs

This breed of chicken is commonly found within the US and is relatively smaller in size compared to the other breeds well known for their ability to lay many eggs in the year. They lay up to 180-220 eggs per annum and the pullets start to lay eggs as they attain 5 months of age.

While their skin color is yellow, their eggs are white; hens weigh 4.0 to 4.6 pounds and the cock weigh between 5.5 and 6.2 pounds. Ancona breed looks very much like the Plymouth Rock only that they are smaller in size and are hardly bred as pets since they are easily frightened.

In addition, this breed is well known for its broodiness and their ability to withstand adverse weather conditions; hence could lay eggs unhindered during winter period with less amount of daylight.

However, it has the ability to fly high and often times, out of their pens. For this reason, they require clipping of their feathers on regular basis

Egg production (Annual)

180-220

Start laying at (Weeks)

20

Weight (Female)

4-4.6 lbs

8. White Leghorns

White Leghorns hens

This is a notable breed because of their outstanding ability to lay a lot of eggs per annum for which they are known to be among the breeds commonly referred to as the laying hens. They can lay up to 280 - 320 eggs annually and perform better during the summer period.

Leghorns are usually white in color and weigh about 4-5 pounds. They start to lay eggs when they attain between 16 and 17 weeks of age. The sex-link around 5- 7 months old. Besides, they are known to function better in cages than when reared in free-range

Egg production (Annual)

280 - 320

Start laying at (Weeks)

16 - 17

Weight (Female)

4 - 5 lbs

9. Golden Comet

Golden Comet hens eggs

This breed is equally famous for its high productivity level. They lay from 250 to 300 eggs in the year and their eggs are brown in color. The Golden Comet hens start laying eggs very early from 16 weeks of age and weigh between 4 (Hens) to 6 (Roosters) pounds.

They thrive well in a free-range environment, have a quiet and gentle disposition and tolerate other birds. Besides, they make great pets and are not usually predisposed to brooding which makes them very good layers.

Egg production (Annual)

250-300

Start laying at (Weeks)

16

Weight (Female)

4 lbs

10. Barnevelder

Barnevelder hens laying eggs

This breed ranks among the those well known for high level of productivity. On the average, they can lay between 180 and 200 eggs per annum and the hens are dark brown in color. The layers start laying eggs from the age of 22-27 weeks and their eggs are chocolate brown in color.

The breed is heavy; while the hens weigh between 6.5 and 8.5 pounds, the cockerels way between 10 and 14 pounds. It is a breed known not only for a lot of eggs it can lay annually but also for its large amount of meat; hence, it is ranked high among the breeders’ choice.

Other features include its ability to lay eggs, irrespective of the weather vagaries; the breed is equally known to be very caring for their young ones and thrives well in garden pens. https://www.barnevelders.net/breed-standard.html - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barnevelder

Egg production (Annual)

180 - 200

Start laying at (Weeks)

22 - 27

Weight (Female)

6.5 - 8.5 lbs

11. Ameraucana

ameraucana hens laying eggs

The Ameraucana breed is yet, another high productivity chicken. They lay as many as between 250 - 260 eggs per annum and color of their eggs are varied. They are equally famous because of their ability to tolerate all seasons; hence can lay eggs all the year round.

Besides, they hens are known to weigh between 4.5 and 5.5 pounds and start to lay eggs when they attain the age of between 25 and 30 weeks; they are broody. However, the breed has a genetic disorder known as ‘Crossed Beak’ which has the tendency of affecting one in every hundred chickens but could be bred easily, in pens or in coops

Egg production (Annual)

250 -260

Start laying at (Weeks)

25 - 30

Weight (Female)

4.5 - 5.5 lbs

12. Buff Orpington

buff orpington hens laying eggs

This is yet, another charming breed with high productivity level and could lay from 150 to 200 eggs per annum. The hens start to lay eggs as they attain between 19 and 24 weeks of age. It has the tendency to brood within the summer period which makes its productivity level a bit below the average range among the category of breeds with outstanding egg-laying capacity.

They look beautiful with their glorious golden yellow color and weigh between 6 and 8 pounds. Buff Orpington breed is friendly and regarded as great pets in homes and gardens; they love to live in the confined environment and could also cherish free-range at times.

However, they don’t fly much and where they are bred in a free-range environment, they could be exposed to predators.

Egg production (Annual)

150 - 200

Start laying at (Weeks)

19 - 24

Weight (Female)

6 - 8 lbs

13. Australorp

Australorp laying eggs

Among the category of chicken breeds known for their high level of productivity, Australorp is regarded as the most human-friendly and prolific layer. It has the capacity of laying approximately 250 eggs in the year and had the reputation of haven laid 364 eggs in a year for which it is regarded as an award winning layer.

They have very attractive varieties of colors such as Black, Brown, and White; they are very heavy birds from the Heritage utility breeds of chickens. Astralorp breed start to lays eggs from between 22 and 24 weeks of age. Other notable features of this breed include a weight of between 6.5 and 7.9 pounds for the females with a large amount of meat.

Hardly broody but regarded as a caring mother. However, with its commendable features, it is also known to as a bully to other breeds and could as well, eat their eggs at times

Egg production (Annual)

250 - 364

Start laying at (Weeks)

22 - 24

Weight (Female)

6.5 - 7.9 lbs

14. Speckled Sussex

Speckled Sussex laying eggs

The Speckled Sussex ranks high among the category of the most popular and best egg-laying chicken breeds. It has variant colors ranging from Brown, Red, and Speckled to Buff, White, and Silver. They lay approximately, 200 to 320 eggs per annum.

They start to lay eggs from the time they and start laying eggs attain between 16 and 20 weeks of age; while the males way 9 pounds, the females way between 6 and 8 pounds. It is a dual purpose bird as it is reared not only for the high level of egg production but also, for its large amount of meat.

They are known to be a quiet and easy going breed. However, they are also known to be targets of bullies from contemporary breeds. http://countrysidenetwork.com/daily/poultry/chickens-101/speckled-sussex-chicken-favorite-backyard-breed/

Egg production (Annual)

200 - 320

Start laying at (Weeks)

16 -20 

Weight (Female)

6 - 8 lbs

15. Hamburg

Hamburg laying eggs

The Hamburg breed is generally regarded as one of the most charming of the breed of chickens considered in this category because of the various colors it bears which include golden-spangled, silver -spangled, black, white and citron-spangled, e.t.c. It has the ability to lay up to 208 eggs in a year. 

Usually, their eggs are of medium size and with white glossy shell; the pullets start to lay eggs from the age of 16 weeks or more in most cases( 28 weeks). They are forage lovers and often difficult to control as they are flighty and have the tendency to disregard chicken pens. 

There is the need to clip their wings periodically to discourage them from excessive flying. It is a very active breed and could hardly sit long to hatch its eggs and as well roost in trees. Although the breed is known for these excesses, yet it stands to its fame that it is a chicken breed with notable longevity.

Besides, it withstands cold weather very well and could, therefore, lay its eggs unhindered during the cold weather period. 

Egg production (Annual)

208

Start laying at (Weeks)

16-28

Weight (Female)

3.5 - 3.9 lbs

16. Barred Plymouth Rock

Barred Plymouth Rock laying eggs

This is another high productivity breed notable for its ability to lay 200- 280 eggs in a year and lay eggs once in every two days. They start laying eggs when they attain between 18 and 22 weeks of age. Their eggs are usually big in size and light brown in color; they adults way up to 7.5 pounds.

The Plymouth breed is mostly gray in color with white stripes around their body but has other variant colors such as Black Fizzles, Blue, Buff Columbian and others.This breed is equally known as very good foragers, friendly, calm, large birds, and lovers of the free-fringe environment.

Although they thrive well in a free- fringe, they equally withstand cold weather and tolerate confinement as well. This makes their breeding easy and cheaper and endears them to commercial breeders as well as to individuals who rear them as pets.

Egg production (Annual)

200 - 280

Start laying at (Weeks)

18-22

Weight (Female)

7.5 lbs

17. Welsummer

Welsummer laying eggs

The Welsummer breed is another notable member of the chicken breeds with desirable features. It has some varieties within its fold, notably, the Patridge, the Silver Duckwing, the Gold Duckwing and the Bantam. Generally, both variants have the capacity to lay 150 - 160 eggs in a year with the Bantam laying 180 per annum.

The color of their feathers is dark brown with some flashes of gold; while the males weigh between 6 and 7.16 lbs, the females weigh between 4.4 and 5.5 lbs. The color of their eggs is mostly dark brown while some are spotted and of medium size.

The good summer breed is known to be friendly, intelligent bird and good foragers; hence, they could fend for themselves, thereby, making their breeding easy. Besides, it is well known for its ability to tolerate cold weather and are good brooders.

Egg production (Annual)

150 - 160

Start laying at (Weeks)

18-20

Weight (Female)

6 - 7.16 lbs

18. Black Star

 Black Star laying eggs

This breed originated from the US and come from the first generation hybrid chickens and was developed by crossing Rhodes Island Red rooster with a Barred Rock hen. Therefore, they are sex-link chickens. It was intentionally developed to produce a lot of eggs and has the capacity to lay an average of 250 eggs per annum. 

They start laying eggs from between 18 to 24 weeks of age and weigh up to 5- 6.5 pounds.The gender could easily be distinguished from the females by the time they are hatched due to distinctive colors between the genders.

While the adult hens are black in color with gold copper tints, the roosters are also black in color with white lining. Black Star breed is a good forager and tolerates weather vagaries. 

Egg production (Annual)

250

Start laying at (Weeks)

18-24

Weight (Female)

5 - 6.5 lbs

19. Dominique

Dominique hens laying eggs

This is one of the breeds of chickens that originated from the US. It has a distinctive appearance as it has risen comb with heavy plumage made up of irregular striped gray light color and resembles the Barred Rock breed.

It is equally a dual purpose chicken reared for its eggs and meat; the hens start laying eggs at the age of 6 months and lay around 230 – 275 eggs per annum which are brown in color. At maturity, the males weigh up to 7 pounds while the females weigh about 5 pounds.

The Dominique breed is among the show birds and in some cases, are reared as family pets; it tolerates vagaries in weather conditions and could lay eggs unhindered in the winter period. However, the breed is not regarded as good foragers.

Egg production (Annual)

230- 275

Start laying at (Weeks)

20-24

Weight (Female)

5 lbs

20. Brahma

Brahma laying eggs

This is a very notable breed, not only for its productivity but also for its very large stature and the mass of its meat. It originated from India and has the capacity to lay an average of 120 eggs per year and starts laying its large brown eggs from between 6 and 8 months of age.

The breed has a variety of colors such as light buff, dark, gold, white and blue; while some of the cocks weigh up to 18 pounds, some of the hens can way up to 13 pounds. On the average, the cock weighs about 12 pounds, while the hen weighs 9.9 pounds; the males are bigger than the females.

The Brahma breed has a peculiar feature of being feather-legged. Despite its huge size, it is calm, family friendly and reared in some cases as pets and for ornamental purposes. 

Besides, it tolerates adverse climatic conditions and lay eggs during the winter period. However, it is averagely broody.
While the foregoing gave an overview of the list of some of the best egg laying chicken breeds, I would like to include a list of some necessary actions to be taken in order to ensure that these famous breeds of chickens retain their high level of productivity over time.

They include the following:

  • Always provide your layers with quality feeds rich in protein and calcium and other supplements to ensure that they always lay eggs with strong shells and remain in good health condition.
  • Endeavour to keep the coops, nest boxes and foraging areas clean.
  • Ensure a regular supply of fresh water to the chickens for a similar purpose.
  • Allow areas for dust-bathing to enable the hens to clean themselves and flush out parasites from their bodies.
  • Remember to quarantine new birds before adding them to your existing flock to ensure they are healthy and would not constitute a health hazard by introducing diseases to your flock.
  • Consider periodic vaccination of your flock against killer diseases.

 Strict adherence to these remedial actions will keep both the chickens and the breeders happy always

Conclusions

From the foregoing, one could have an overview of the list of selected chicken breeds, generally acknowledged as renowned egg layers and some known as dual purpose chicken breeds reared for both high level of productivity and their great amount of meat. Besides, other enviable characteristics, such as their temperaments, relative abilities to brood and forage, were equally highlighted.

These information provided about the various breeds of chickens, and the list of precautionary measures to be taken to ensure that the famous layers would maintain their high level of productivity over time, will all serve as a guide to new beginners interested in poultry farming as well as others who would want to rear chickens, either for their eggs and meat, or for keeping them in homes as pets.

Jeanne
 

My name is Jeanne. I’m a homesteader who loves to inspire others to return to their roots, learn new skills, and embark on their own homestead journey.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 1 comments

Leave a Reply:

11 Shares
Pin11
Share
+1
Tweet
Stumble